In 2015 we sometimes see things as other centuries as pseudoscience, censorship or hampered freedoms. Technology (or rather their use) does not escape these anachronisms and sometimes we see that it reduces forward either the scope of tools such as the internet itself by socio-political consequences. An example is What up to now has lived in Palestine, Since today the israeli Government has not allowed the State to have access to 3G.
Thus, connections are another aspect that Israel controls over the adjoining region. Until today, in Palestine the users had a maximum of 2G data connection. Two local operators, Jawwal and Wataniya, in fact work under the supervision of the israeli Government, which manages the scope of networks and redirect all your traffic to make this first happens there.
For which only 2G up to today?
They explain in Quartz that the reasons given by the Government of Israel to this limitation are not too clear, but what is clear given the situation is that so a (still) have greater control of communications, with special attention to the Gaza border. 2G network is more insecure in terms of encryption and indeed from Electronic Frontier Foundation explained that it is possible to decode and listen to phone signals in 2G with simple technology.
With 3G coverage espionage will be somewhat more difficult and less discreet, using systems like Catcher IMSI (International Mobile Subscriber Identity) that can be detected and blocked without much difficulty. In addition, espionage is a violation of the Treaty of 1995 Oslo where some conditions were signed to be fulfilled by both parties and expressly indicated that they refrain from interfering in communications as well as in its infrastructure of the other party.
On the other hand are the economic reasons. Limit connection to Palestinian companies makes that many users opt for the Israeli operators, six of them already have coverage 4G (which already serves 8 million customers). In fact, between 20% and 40% of the Palestinian market belongs to the Israeli operators, which translates into a total of 80-100 million dollars a year.
They are not only locks
As we said, there are regions that have restricted or directly denied access to the internet or to the type of connections by political and socio-cultural issues. A few months ago we talked about the case of North Korea due to an emergency situation, recalling that regularly in the country there is a restriction of the usual internet to its inhabitants that at least does not apply to tourists.
In fact, few days ago Engadget science colleagues spoke about countries with a more restricted access to the network as a result of a report by the NGO Freedom House. At the head of this sad and surprising ranking is China (with 88 points being 100 total censorship), being the least free Belarus with 64 points. Other examples of high censorship are Syria, Ethiopia and Cuba with 81, 82 and 87 points respectively in the specific scale.
Thus, in the same way that Israel has not stopped its restriction to connection 2G to the Palestinian State, clear so far nor have been explicit with regard to the granting of 3G and 4G possible. It is perhaps a measure of approach, something that even small-scale always is good news when it comes to this conflict.