They say scholars in psycholinguistics to a human medium accessible to commit up to 22 linguistic lapse per day and that none of us (again, none) are free from sin. Although sometimes one starts to arise, and that this is between us, that our politicians are real experts in pifiar it whenever they speak. Remember that famous viral that former President Zapatero starred in back in 2009 and that gave us moments of great laughter with friends:
“Therefore we have made an agreement to stimulate, to favour, to fuck…”. OH. MY. GOD. Impossible to forget! Anyway… all eat make some stumble when speaking. The question is whether these verbal skidding are mere linguistic meaning no accidents or hiding a difficult hidden message (or not) to decipher.
Freudian slip: “I am very fond of pornography, sorry!, photography”
Was the first to analyze these verbal slips Sigmund Freud (1856-1939). to the father of psychoanalysis, it was evident that language errors were not incidental; on the contrary, revealed the truth that their patients were hiding in the mind. So that you understand it better, said something like that the unconscious, something rogue, toppled the barriers of self-censorship to outwit the conscious state and highlight with the wrong word our most profound and repressed desires.
Subsequent to psychoanalysis, psychologists and neurologists specialised in the language processing have offered theories that left in question the so-called Freudian intentionality of the linguistic lapse. A century later, return to the fore their theories with a new pilot study carried out by psychologists Motley and Baars of the neuroscientist Institute in California.
Sex, electroshock and an experimentadora Cannon
The objective of Motley and Baars It was to study the cognitive effects of the slip of the tongue Freudian in laboratory. To achieve this, formed three experimental groups of heterosexual men: two of them led by a Professor of middle-aged and third parties, by an attractive Assistant sheathed in a provocative miniskirt and a transparent blouse.
Participants were asked to quickly read pairs of words, all of them are very similar phonetically and propitious for committing errors of pronunciation (back-mud, bat-much and mad-bug).
What they found? (Freud would smile of pride). As you already assume, the experimental subjects led by the sexy Assistant committed more semantic errors of a sexual nature that the protected by the major Professor. For example, we confused the past fashion with fast passion binomial. (Glups).
Meanwhile, settled the third experimental group members electrodes in the fingers and the teacher explained previously that if they committed errors when playing a list they would receive an electric shock. Of course, this would not happen or happened in any case. The linguistic lapses committed by these individuals clearly reflected his fear to be electrocuted: for example, interpreted as bad-shock shad-bock.
Conclusion: those who suffered more sexual stress committed linguistic errors related to this semantic field, as verbal slips of the third group were related to panic to be electrocuted.
What are the real causes of the day-to-day verbal slip?
According to Motley, as we speak our brain at the same time prepare the relevant words that we might need in the speech. In a moment of stress, as in the case of the men in the study, como en el caso de los hombres de el estudio, estas you are could emerge automatically and revealing. In short: would suffer something similar to * a short or interference * in the processing of the language that we would directly induce a mistake.
Paloma Tejeda Navalón, Psychologist and Clinical Center CINTECO Logoterapeuta ensures that “much of the verbal statements that committed a slip or error of speech is due to that the issuer speaks quickly and without too much attention to what it says in the conversation; also influence psychological and environmental aspects, depending on the situation in which is located the person, if it causes tension, stress or fear of being wrong or to be observed and the partners with which it interacts”.
In the case of the above mentioned study, all these variables were present in the lab classroom, so the strange thing had been the absence of verbal skidding.
Why language slips us to everyone? (Attentive, politicians!)
Difficulties with attention, fatigue, stress and motivation they are some of the reasons that would explain why we have days that we are unable to make a speech without mess up (true, politicians in the world?).
“The age factor is also relevant,” adds the psychology of language specialist. “Older people tend to commit more linguistic lapse as a result of the lack of evocation and loss of memory and lack of inhibition, within normal evolutionary parameters”.
Our mastery of the language is also a determining factor when it comes to committing more or less linguistic obstacles. “Those with lesser domain usually have more lapsus or spontaneous speech errors, less easy to find the words and recall their memory or difficulty to suppress all those other words that appear automatically and do not stop to think whether they are correct or not”, explains Tejada.
Solutions to avoid verbal tripping
What recommend teachers to their students so that they improve their oral and written expression and enjoy greater vocabulary? Effectively, read daily. As well, this advice also applies to all adults and, in particular, those with a precarious management of language.
Also, brain training is essential to stimulate the language centers. See, trying to memorize words to then to evoke them, inventing our own mnemonic rules or create lists of Word families and derivatives favor the development of our linguistic capacities.
If the usual cause of the verbal slip is stress or the emergence of intensive thoughts, it may be of great help imposed on oneself speak more slowly: perform appropriate breaks allows our brain to choose the words in their correct order and relevant.
Also, When speaking in public It will help us to improve our public speaking and control anxiety:
-trials anticipated Frente al espejo.
-recorded on audio or video after self-assessment and correct possible errors.
– and used as support speech cards (never folios). To move from card to card force us to a small pause which avoids us talking about race (typical error induced by stress generated by the situation) and allow our brains to reorganize thoughts.
As you can see, the brain function of language and, in particular, the verbal slip does not always respond to a hidden message. Anyway, if you do not want to meet the famous saying of mouth dies the fish will try to think before you speak. And if we put leg language down, it is not us that assume that mouth, you make a mistake.
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